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Sally Hubbard

Director of Enforcement Strategy

Sally Hubbard is Director of Enforcement Strategy at Open Markets Institute. She possesses expertise on critical sectors, especially technology platforms like Google and Facebook, and engages with state attorneys general, who have significant authority to police and rein in monopoly power.

Sally served as an Assistant Attorney General in the Antitrust Bureau of New York State, working for Attorneys General Spitzer, Cuomo, and Schneiderman. Most recently, she worked at the Capitol Forum as an investigative reporter and antitrust analyst with a focus on technology platforms.

In the antitrust bureau, she investigated violations of state and federal antitrust laws from local mergers to nationwide multi-state price-fixing. Sally was honored with the Louis Leftkowitz Award for her efforts in investigating municipal bond derivative bid-rigging.

She is a Washington Bytes contributor for and has written for The New York Times and CNN, among other outlets.

Sally holds a Bachelor of Arts from The College of William and Mary and a law degree from New York University School of Law.

Latest Work

We’re getting closer to stopping tech giants like Apple from abusing their power

Date Published: May 15, 2019

Of the big four tech giants, Facebook, Google and Amazon have been taking heat for abusing their market power, while Apple has been flying under the radar. That’s because Apple’s business model, unlike that of Facebook and Google, doesn’t depend on closely tracking your data, and it has been more restrained than Amazon in the number of markets it muscles into. But thanks to a US Supreme Court decision on Monday, Apple is finally getting the attention it deserves.

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Noncompete clauses trap #MeToo victims in abusive workplaces. The FTC should ban them.

Date Published: May 14, 2019

After decades of virtual silence, the #MeToo movement has publicized the epidemic of sexual harassment and assault in the workplace. The recent New York Times investigation of Sterling Jewelers exposes the depth of the problem and shows how long and hard women’s fight for justice remains. Since women who complain about harassment face retaliation and even termination, often the only way to escape it is to find a new job. Yet for many women, continuing their careers with a new employer turns out to be impossible.

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Bloomberg Law: Apple’s Supreme Court Loss Could Ease Path for More Tech Suits

Date Published: May 14, 2019

Bloomberg Law’s Victoria Graham speaks to Open Markets Director of Enforcement Strategy Sally Hubbard about the recent decision by the Supreme Court in the Apple v. Pepper case and how the ruling clarifies another high court decision last year—Ohio v. American Express Co.—that set a difficult standard for bringing antitrust suits. The Apple case “makes it clear that the American Express decision was addressing a very specific type of platform,” Hubbard said. “It was not meant to cover all two sided markets.”

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Facebook’s new plan doesn’t protect your privacy, and neither does the FTC

Date Published: May 3, 2019

Facebook didn’t get where it is today by protecting your privacy. The company made $56 billion in 2018, in part by tracking people both on and off its platform and then selling targeted advertisements based on that surveillance. Yet when Facebook announced a shift to a “privacy-focused communications platform” in March and unveiled a redesign toward private messaging at its F8 developers conference on Tuesday, Facebook’s stock value did not even dip. How could that be, if surveillance is essential to Facebook’s business model?

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The Hill: Zuckerberg call for tech rules gets cold reception

Date Published: April 3, 2019

The Hill’s Harper Neidig talks to Open Markets Director of Enforcement Strategy Sally Hubbard about Facebook CEP Mark Zuckerberg’s call to regulate Internet giants and eyebrows raised by his proposals. “I think he’s trying to avoid what we really need, which is to stop the massive collection of data and to stop these algorithms that prioritize engagement and elevate the [harmful] content,” Hubbard told The Hill.

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In America today, wealth and political power are more concentrated than at any point in our country’s history.

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